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Moinho de Armação - Tipo Americano, Alcabideche

The Framed Windmill - American Type is intended to show the importance of windmills as heritage worth preserving with the aim of understanding the environmental characteristics and the natural and cultural factors which surround them, in a perspective to bring back memories and education about the heritage.
The use of milling systems for the processing of agricultural products such as wheat, maize and barley, dates back to very ancient times. In the 11th century, there were already references to the existence of windmills in Cascais, more precisely in Alcabideche, in the verses of the Arab poet Ibn Muqâna.
The growth in the population and the progressive sedentariness, associated with the establishment of urban settlements, forced the increase in the production of flour, an essential ingredient in the manufacture of bread - so important in our eating habits - giving rise to different types of milling.
In the second half of the 19th century, the American type windmill appeared. Effective and easy to install, it successfully spread, reaching Portugal in the first decades of the 20th century. These structures got their name because they carry a metal frame on top of the mill, similar to a dwelling house and because it is a creation which comes from the United States of America.
n Cascais, the Roquette family, which owns one of the main aero engine construction companies on a national level, embraced the idea and developed it according to the needs and characteristics of our county, introducing plates in the shape of a bag, making better use of the wind power in a concept for maximizing production.
The milling structures in our county remained in operation until later than their counterparts in the region of Lisbon, because they benefited from the local wholesale market and because they were located at a great distance from the industrial areas of cereal processing, with the exception of one factory which exists in Carcavelos.
The expansion and remodelling of the Milling Factory in Carcavelos, in 1953, led to the decline of traditional milling structures in the peripheral area.
Currently, in Cascais, there are two examples of Framed Mills, the one in Alcabideche and another in Alcorvim de Cima (Malveira da Serra), the latter without any chance of recovery.
The Framed Windmill - American Type in Alcabideche was part of the Quinta de S. Martinho, belonging to the Pires Correia family. This structure, assigned to the municipality under the Urbanization Plan to be turned into a museum and to preserve a heritage memory, was the target of a major campaign for restoration works that completely respected its original design, allowing for a better understanding of the evolution of technological processes.
With an intense activity aimed at school groups, the Windmill also opens on specific days for the holding of dynamic bread workshops. See the programme in the Cultural Agenda.
 Opening Hours: Mondays to Fridays from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
 Visits: Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. and from 2 p.m. to 4 p.m.
 By appointment for groups of 10 + people.

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